It has also works by Pablo Picasso, Rubens, Peter Lely and Paolo Veronese. Brittany has several historical capital cities. A variety of seabirds can be seen close to the seaside, which is home to colonies of cormorants, gulls, razorbills, northern gannets, common murres and Atlantic puffins. They were built with local materials: mostly granite in Lower Brittany and schist in Upper Brittany. In Lower Brittany, the medieval style never totally disappeared. For over 150 years these stripes have been seen on board the ships of the Marine Nationale along the Brittany coast. In 1882, Jules Ferry succeeded in passing a law which made primary education in France free, non-clerical (laïque) and mandatory. The Catholic University of the West, based in Angers, also opened classes in several Breton towns. Rennes has been the capital of Brittany since 1532 so has many historic buildings. Most of them are very similar to each other, with only some phonetic and lexical differences. TER Pays de la Loire operates trains between Nantes and smaller towns in Loire-Atlantique. If you have planned a holiday in Brittany, we invite you to postpone your trip. Both historians describe Riothamus's losing battle against King Euric of the Visigoths at Déols around the year 470. A great number of Bretons have become acclaimed sailors, such as: Éric Tabarly, Loïck Peyron, Jean Le Cam, Michel Desjoyeaux, Olivier de Kersauson, Thomas Coville, Vincent Riou and Marc Pajot. The main road artery linking cities and other settlements along the north coast is the Route nationale 12 which connects the cities of Rennes, Saint-Brieuc, Morlaix and Brest. Its collections are mainly dedicated to the history of the region. [50], The unemployment rate in Brittany is lower than in other French regions and it is usually around 6 or 7% of the active population. It runs from the northwest coast just outside Mont-St-Michel in Normandy, one of the great abbeys of France, along the coast of the Golfe of Saint-Malo, passing St-Malo, Dinard, and St-Brieuc then past the Granite Coast to Brest. This statistic presents the year on year percentage change in the number of nights spent on the Breton Coast in France between summer 2018 and … According to a 1999 INSEE survey, 12% of the adults of Brittany speak Breton.[66]. Because of this continuity, the Breton border with the rest of France is not marked by any strong geographical landmark, apart from the river Couesnon, which separates Brittany from Normandy. Badly damaged in World War II, it’s not a tourist destination. French, the only official language of the French Republic, is spoken today by the vast majority in Brittany, and it is the mother tongue of most people. On its side, Morbihan remains a right-wing stronghold. It was invaded by Nazi Germany in 1940 and freed after Operation Cobra in August 1944. It also provides a link to southern Normandy, terminating in Paris. The Seiz Breur movement, created in 1923, permitted a Breton artistic revival[32] but its ties with Nazism and the collaborationism of the Breton National Party during World War II weakened Breton nationalism in the post-war period. They traditionally replaced bread as basic food and they can be served with cheese, sausages, bacon, mushrooms or eggs. Most of these birds breed on isolated islands and rocks and thus are hard to observe. [c] After a long battle, the Armorican survivors escaped to Avallon in Burgundy, after which they are lost to history. This part of the coast is packed with great small towns, and Dinard should be next on your list. To face the invasions, many towns and cities were fortified, like Nantes, Rennes and Vannes.[22]. The potteries usually feature naïve Breton characters in traditional clothing and daily scenes. Today, fishing and agriculture remain important activities. Related keywords. After the battle was won, Aetius sent the Alans to Armorica and Galicia. Cycling has always been one of the main sports of Brittany, but leisure cycling and the infrastructure to support it have been growing extremely rapidly. [38], During the Quaternary glaciations, Brittany was covered by loess and rivers started to fill the valleys with alluvial deposits. ", "Les plantes à fleur menacées en Bretagne", «La Lente Mise en Place des Universités Bretonnes», "En Bretagne, l'enseignement privé se rebiffe", "L'économie bretonne|éditor=Region Bretagne", "20 of the most beautiful villages in France", "La Bretagne a un taux de chômage faible, mais qui ne profite pas assez aux seniors", "Loire-Atlantique – Pays De Loire (44)", "Comparateur de territoire: Région de Bretagne (53), Département de la Loire-Atlantique (44)", Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, "La bonne santé de la démographie bretonne|date3 January 2011", "La démographie de la Bretagne depuis 1851", "Démographie – Population sans doubles comptes au recensement : Loire-Atlantique (série rétropolée 1851–1962) – série arrêtée", "Les Bretons, les habitants de Loire-Atlantique et la question régionale", Données clés sur Breton, Ofis ar Brezhoneg, "Langue bretonne et autres langues : pratique et transmission", "Pratiques et représentations de la langue et de la culture régionales en Haute Bretagne", "Éléments d'analyse géographique de l'implantation des religions en France", "Le Cidre â€“ Mediaoueg, Ar Vediaoueg â€“ La Médiathèque", "La Bretagne à vélo : Près de 1500 km d'itinéraires vélos ! Sailing is particularly important for sea-resorts like La Trinité-sur-Mer, Pornichet, Concarneau, Lorient and the îles de Glénan, where a prestigious school is located. The arrondissements are further divided in cantons, which are themselves made up of one or several communes. [14], Breton-speaking people may pronounce the word Breizh in two different ways, according to their region of origin. During the 19th century, the Breton architecture was mainly characterised by the Gothic Revival and Eclecticism. Nowadays, Rennes is the only official capital of the region of Brittany. The leading artists of that period were the designer René-Yves Creston, the illustrators Jeanne Malivel and Xavier Haas, and the sculptors Raffig Tullou, Francis Renaud, Georges Robin, Joseph Savina, Jules-Charles Le Bozec and Jean Fréour. The Pont-Aven School, which started to emerge in the 1850s and lasted until the beginning of the 20th century, had a decisive influence on modern painting. 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